Buddhism (बौद्ध धर्म ) is a religion of the Awakened one, Siddhartha Gautama. He is recognized by Buddhists as an awakened or enlightened teacher who shared his insights to help sentient beings end suffering (Dukkha), achieve peace within self (Nirvana), and escape what is seen as a cycle of suffering and rebirth (Saṃsāra).
Types of Schools
Theravada ("The School of the Elders") and Mahayana are the main branches of Buddhism.
Tendai and Shingon Sects (Japanese)
During the Heian Peroid, these Vajrayana sects were founded by two monks after they studied in China and make up the core of Japanese Buddhism.
Tendai Sect was established by Saichou and Shingon sect was established by Kuukai, and the main temples are Enryaku-ji on Mt. Hiei and Kongobu-ji on Mt. Koya.
Pure Land (Jodo)
Mahayana sect that follows Amida (Amitabha or Buddha of Infinite Light).
Zen Buddhism of the Mahayana school is divided into three main schools: Rinzai (臨済宗), Sōtō (曹洞宗), and Ōbaku (黃檗).
Based on the teachings of Japanese priest Nichiren (1222 - 1282), and is a part of the Mahayana school. It focuses on self-empowerment and instant enlightenment. It highly follows the Lotus Sutra.